|This country light made to go over a kitchen island is a perfect example of task lighting.|
Franklin Pendant Light
There are three basic types of lighting:
General Lighting provides visual assistance. This type of lighting includes Flushmount Lighting and Floor Lights. It also includes Wooden Chandeliers or Tin Chandeliers, especially when the chandelier is suspended over a table. Think of this as the type of light you flip on with a switch - and consider using a dimmer switch when you want to soften the mood a bit.
Task Lighting provides specific lighting to an area. Examples of task lighting Table Lamps which provide reading light to a desk or on an end table next to your favorite chair. It also includes our Tin Shade Lights which would provide task lighting over a kitchen sink or island.
Ambient Lighting can soften the mood or illuminate dark corners. Tin Lanterns & Accent Lights and Sconces are good examples of ambient lighting. This type of lighting is also perfect for featuring art and architecture. Use this type of lighting to illuminate a dark hallway - using low wattage bulbs that do not produce a glare. One of the most popular ambient lights during the holidays is our Tin Window Lights. We love this look so much that we leave our "welcome lights" in our windows year round. They provide such a nice glow at the windows - whether inside or outside.
Some tips that can help you choose your lighting wisely:
- Do not use open bottomed fixtures in the middle of a room. These types of lights provide task lighting over a table, island or kitchen sink. You do not want to use them in a hallway since you will look up and see a bare bulb, creating a lot of glare.
- Table lamps and floor lamps should have a distance from the bottom of the lampshade to the ground of about 36-47 inches. This height will prevent direct view of the lightbulb and will give ample reading light. You can use different sizes of harps to achieve the proper height.
- A chandelier should be hung about 30" above the table. Too often, chandeliers are hung too high and seem disconnected from the table. For ceilings that are nine feet or more, a two-tier chandelier would work well to fill the space between the ceiling and the table.
- Dimmer switches are terrific for dining room chandeliers in particular. You can dim the light to create a nice ambience when entertaining.
How to Select a Chandelier
If you are hanging the light close to the ceiling in the middle of a room and are not suspending it over a table, use this as a guide to choose the right size.
- 10' x 10' room - use a chandelier 17"-20" wide
- 12' x 12' room - use a chandelier 21"-27" wide
- 14' x 14' room - use a chandelier 24"-36" wide
If you are installing over a table, a chandelier should have a diameter 12" less than the width of your table. (For example: a 36" wide table should have a light 24" wide or less) Having a light too large for the table means that your dinner guests will be bumping their heads as they stand and having a light too small does not define the space well.
The bottom of the chandelier should be about 30" above the table. Too often, chandeliers are hung too high and seem disconnected from the table. For ceilings that are nine feet or more, a two-tier chandelier would work well to fill the space between the ceiling and the table.
We love dimmer switches! You can turn up the light when you need it (great when the table doubles as a homework table or for you to look through your cookbooks) and dim the light to create a nice ambience when you are entertaining.
Installing Wall Sconces
One of the questions we are asked often is where the wall box should be for a sconce. The answer to that question will vary depending on your contractor, but we like it at about 57" to 63" off the floor. This can depend on the height of your ceilings or where the mirror or artwork is displayed.
Selecting Outdoor Lighting for your Home and Landscape
Of course, lighting your home is important on the outside as well since a good lighting plan will add visual appeal and value to your home.
When ordering your Outdoor Lighting, it is important to select the proper size of light. Most home owners make the mistake of putting up a post light that is too small for either the post or for the home itself. Especially with two story homes, a post light needs to be sizable to make a statement - too small of a light will get lost in your landscape.
Remember that your outdoor lighting will appear about half the size when viewed from far away. Besides the all important post light, do you need hanging lights or wall lights? Again,bigger is better - don't be nervous about getting a light too large for either side of your door.
Consider having a few post lights if you have a very long driveway or consider adding garden lighting to accentuate that long path.
Outdoor lighting not only lets you enjoy your yard or deck at night, it also provides added security for your home. A well thought out lighting design can make a significant change to your landscape, making your home more beautiful!
We hope that this information was helpful to you and would welcome you to contact us with any questions.
The Tin Bin has been your source for Country Lighting since 1973!